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distros:arch_linux_install

Information

  • Arch Linux Installation

Download

Installation Notes

Initial

EFI Entry Wipe

  • Repeat -b for every entry that appears with -v
efibootmgr -v
efibootmgr -b 0000 -B
efibootmgr -b 0001 -B
efibootmgr -O

Drive Wipe

  • See hdparm Secure Erase for thorough erase
  • Change /dev/sda to match environment
  • Run the dd command for a few seconds or so just to wipe out any surviving disk/partition information at the beginning of the drive
lsblk
sgdisk --zap-all '/dev/sda'
dd if='/dev/zero' of='/dev/sda'
reboot

Test Internet

ping 'archlinux.org'

Wireless Connection

  • iw dev is used to find the wireless interface name
  • If single wireless interface exists, no need to specify it
iw dev
wifi-menu -o 'wlp3s0'

Enable SSH

  • Allows installation over SSH
  • ifconfig shows the IP address
  • Connect with the username root
ip addr
passwd
systemctl start 'sshd'

Synchronize Time

timedatectl set-ntp 'true'

Disk Partitioning

Install

Update Mirrorlist

  • Uncomment the commented Server URLs
wget 'https://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/?country=US&protocol=https&ip_version=4' -O '/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist'
nano '/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist'

Easy Update Mirrorlist

  • Useful for copy/paste over SSH
wget 'https://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/?country=US&protocol=https&ip_version=4' -O '/tmp/mirrorlist' && sed -i 's/#Server/Server/g' '/tmp/mirrorlist' && mv '/tmp/mirrorlist' '/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist'

Install

pacstrap -i '/mnt' 'base' 'base-devel'

Configuration

fstab

genfstab -L '/mnt' >> '/mnt/etc/fstab'

chroot

arch-chroot '/mnt'

Time Zone

ln -s '/usr/share/zoneinfo/America/New_York' '/etc/localtime'
hwclock --systohc --utc

Locale

Set locale.gen

  • Uncomment en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8 in locale.gen
nano '/etc/locale.gen'

Set locale.conf

echo LANG='en_US.UTF-8' > '/etc/locale.conf'

Easy .conf and .gen Set

  • Useful for copy/paste over SSH
  • This can be used instead of the two commands above
sed -i 's/#en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8/en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8/g' '/etc/locale.gen' && echo LANG='en_US.UTF-8' > '/etc/locale.conf'

Generate

locale-gen

Hostname

  • Change x to desired hostname
echo 'x' > '/etc/hostname'

Pacman

  • Uncomment Color and TotalDownload
  • Uncomment [multilib] and its following Include line on 64-bit installs if multilib is desired
  • Add ILoveCandy under Misc options
nano '/etc/pacman.conf'
pacman -Syyuu

NetworkManager

pacman -S 'networkmanager'
systemctl enable 'NetworkManager'

F2FS

  • If root partition is F2FS, this is mandatory
pacman -S 'f2fs-tools'

OpenSSH

  • This is needed for both the service and client
pacman -S 'openssh'

Intel Microcode

pacman -S 'intel-ucode'

Root Password

passwd

Create User

  • Change espionage724 to desired username
useradd -m -G 'wheel' -s '/bin/bash' 'espionage724'
passwd 'espionage724'
chfn 'espionage724'

Enable SSH

pacman -S 'openssh'
nano '/etc/ssh/sshd_config'
PermitRootLogin no
systemctl enable 'sshd.socket'

sudo

  • Uncomment %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL
EDITOR='nano' visudo
%wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL

Nano as default editor

nano '/etc/sudoers.d/nano'
Defaults editor = /usr/bin/nano

Easy Defaults editor

  • Useful for copy/paste over SSH
echo 'Defaults editor = /usr/bin/nano' > '/etc/sudoers.d/nano'

Allow nano text wrapping

nano '/etc/nanorc'
set nowrap

Easy set nowrap

  • Useful for copy/paste over SSH
sed -i 's/# set nowrap/set nowrap/g' '/etc/nanorc'

Initramfs

  • Modules line is needed only if root partition is F2FS
  • Add lvm2 between block and filesystems hooks if using LVM
  • Add encrypt between block and filesystems hooks, but before lvm2 for encrypted root partition
  • Add COMPRESSION=cat to disable image compression

Options

nano '/etc/mkinitcpio.conf'
MODULES="f2fs crc32 libcrc32c crc32c_generic crc32c-intel crc32-pclmul"
HOOKS="base udev autodetect modconf block encrypt lvm2 filesystems keyboard fsck"
COMPRESSION=cat

Generate

mkinitcpio -P

Boot Loader

systemd-boot

  • For GPT/EFI set-ups

Install

bootctl install

Entry

  • Add cryptdevice=/dev/sda2:lvm to options if encrypted
  • Change root= to /dev/mapper/arch-root if using LVM
  • Remove initrd /intel-ucode.img if not using an Intel processor
nano '/boot/loader/entries/linux-kernel.conf'
title Arch Linux (linux-kernel)
linux /vmlinuz-linux
initrd /initramfs-linux.img
initrd /intel-ucode.img
options root=/dev/sda2 rw quiet

Loader

nano '/boot/loader/loader.conf'
timeout 2
default linux-kernel
editor 0

GRUB

  • For MBR/Legacy set-ups

Install

pacman -S 'grub'
grub-install --target='i386-pc' '/dev/sda'

Settings

nano '/etc/default/grub'
GRUB_TIMEOUT 2

Finalize

grub-mkconfig -o '/boot/grub/grub.cfg'

Finalize

sync
exit
umount -R '/mnt'
poweroff

Continue

Notable Folders and Commands

Show CPU Frequency

grep 'MHz' '/proc/cpuinfo'
watch -n 0.1 grep \'cpu MHz\' '/proc/cpuinfo'

Partition Information

df -hT

hdparm Secure Erase

lsblk
hdparm -I '/dev/sda' | grep 'not'
hdparm --user-master u --security-set-pass 'x' '/dev/sda'
hdparm --user-master u --security-erase 'x' '/dev/sda'
distros/arch_linux_install.txt · Last modified: 2016/10/05 11:35 by Sean Rhone