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distros:fedora_workstation_gnome

Table of Contents

Information

  • Fedora Workstation 1)
  • 31

Issues

  • KeePassXC loads databases slower specifically on Fedora vs other distros 2)

TODO

Download

Workstation

Updated Live Images

Installation Notes

  • EFI/fedora/shimx64.efi 3)
  • Remove /home, set /boot and / to use XFS, expand /

HOSTS

sudo wget -O '/etc/hosts' 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/StevenBlack/hosts/master/alternates/fakenews-gambling/hosts' && sync
cat '/etc/hosts' | grep 'Date:'
sudo -e '/etc/hosts'

RoE LAN

  • This adds RoE sites to HOSTS file and allows resources to be grabbed over LAN
  • Useful for doing large configurations with sites on local LAN
echo -e '\n# RoE LAN\n192.168.1.153 realmofespionage.xyz\n192.168.1.153 social.realmofespionage.xyz\n192.168.1.153 blog.realmofespionage.xyz\n192.168.1.153 media.realmofespionage.xyz\n192.168.1.153 wiki.realmofespionage.xyz' | sudo tee --append '/etc/hosts' > '/dev/null' && cat '/etc/hosts' | grep 'realmofespionage.xyz'

DNF

  • Disables Delta RPMs with deltarpm=false
cat '/etc/dnf/dnf.conf' | grep 'deltarpm=false' || echo 'deltarpm=false' | sudo tee --append '/etc/dnf/dnf.conf' > '/dev/null' && cat '/etc/dnf/dnf.conf'

Repositories

su

  • Useful for fresh installations where repo(s) can be added, and then package updates can be ran afterwards unattended without having sudo timeout and re-prompt for the password
sudo su

RPM Fusion

free

sudo rpm --import 'https://rpmfusion.org/keys?action=AttachFile&do=get&target=RPM-GPG-KEY-rpmfusion-free-fedora-'$(rpm -E %fedora) && sync && sudo dnf install 'https://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-'$(rpm -E %fedora)'.noarch.rpm' -y && sync

nonfree

sudo rpm --import 'https://rpmfusion.org/keys?action=AttachFile&do=get&target=RPM-GPG-KEY-rpmfusion-nonfree-fedora-'$(rpm -E %fedora) && sync && sudo dnf install 'https://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-'$(rpm -E %fedora)'.noarch.rpm' -y && sync

RawhideKernelNodebug

sudo dnf config-manager --add-repo='http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/alt/rawhide-kernel-nodebug/fedora-rawhide-kernel-nodebug.repo'

Software

Update

System

  • The initial dnf clean all was removed from here since on a fresh install, there's nothing to remove, and fresh repo data is pulled-in
sudo dnf distro-sync -y && sync
sudo dnf autoremove

Autoremove Fix

  • Removes the initially-installed kernel in order to fix ``dnf autoremove``
  • :!: This will vary depending on the Fedora image version used
sudo dnf remove *5.3.7*

Firmware

sudo fwupdmgr refresh && sudo fwupdmgr update --verbose

Flatpaks

flatpak update && sudo flatpak update

GNU nano

  • Installs nano
  • Sets VISUAL and EDITOR to nano via environment variable
  • Sets nowrap for current user
sudo dnf install 'nano' -y && export 'VISUAL=nano' && export 'EDITOR=nano' && echo -e 'export VISUAL=nano\nexport EDITOR=nano' | sudo tee '/etc/profile.d/editor-nano.sh' > '/dev/null' && cat '/etc/profile.d/editor-nano.sh' && mkdir -p ~/'.config/nano' && echo 'set nowrap' | tee ~/'.config/nano/nanorc' > '/dev/null' && cat ~/'.config/nano/nanorc'

RPM Fusion Initial

sudo dnf groupupdate core multimedia sound-and-video && sync

General

  • p7zip-plugins provides 7z which can be used for extracting ISOs and other formats
sudo dnf install filezilla keepassxc p7zip p7zip-plugins unar aria2 gimp transmission-gtk hdparm nano htop wget irqbalance evolution flashrom firefox-x11 exfat-utils fuse-exfat

RPM Fusion

free

  • ffmpeg is for youtube-dl to correct DASH containers
ffmpeg mpv

nonfree

steam
akmod-nvidia

Game Controllers

  • Necessary for Xbox 360 controllers, and maybe others
kernel-modules-extra

VA-API

gstreamer1-vaapi
libva-intel-driver

ckb-next

Keybase

'https://prerelease.keybase.io/keybase_amd64.rpm'

Wine

wine winetricks

Tor Browser

torbrowser-launcher

Google Chrome

sudo rpm --import 'https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub' && sudo dnf install 'https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_x86_64.rpm'

Settings

Keyboard Shortcuts

gnome-terminal
bash -c "secret-tool lookup 'keepass' 'default' | keepassxc --pw-stdin ~/'Documents/keepass.kdbx'"
gnome-terminal --command "sudo sh -c 'dnf clean 'all' && dnf distro-sync -y && sync && fwupdmgr refresh && fwupdmgr update --verbose && flatpak update && rm -Rfv '/usr/lib64/firefox/browser/features' '/home/'*'/.mozilla/firefox/'*'/features' && wget -O '/etc/hosts' 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/StevenBlack/hosts/master/alternates/fakenews-gambling/hosts' && sync && fstrim --all --verbose && sync && read -n '1' -s -r -p 'Done' && sleep '2''"

Keys

  • Listed respectively to above
  • Ctrl + Alt + T
  • Ctrl + Alt + Z
  • Pause or F7

Printer

  • :!: Select the en, en printer driver
  • Output Mode: Black Only Grayscale
  • Print Quality: High-Resolution Photo
  • Administration → Set As Server Default
socket://192.168.1.164:9100

gedit

  • 4 Tab width
  • Insert Spaces for Tab mode

Network

DNS

Pi-hole

UncensoredDNS

89.233.43.71,91.239.100.100
2a01:3a0:53:53::,2001:67c:28a4::

OpenNIC Anycast

185.121.177.177,169.239.202.202
2a05:dfc7:5::53,2a05:dfc7:5::5353

VPN.AC

  • See VPN.AC
  • :!: If using this VPN, disable IPv6 from NetworkManager

Nautilus

  • Sort folders before files
  • 4096 MB File Previews

Rhythmbox

Terminal

  • 10-notch Transparency

Transmission

  • Blocklist
http://john.bitsurge.net/public/biglist.p2p.gz

GRUB

grubby

  • Add commands within args
sudo grubby --update-kernel='ALL' --args=''

Other Parameters

AIO

Spinesnap

  • Last updated: 2019/11/17
i915.enable_fbc=1 i915.fastboot=1

i915

i915.enable_fbc=1 i915.fastboot=1
i915.enable_psr=1

amdgpu

  • Allows use of Overdrive options for overclocking
amdgpu.ppfeaturemask=0xffffffff

Test

amdgpu.mes=1 amdgpu.mcbp=1

Verify

cat '/sys/module/amdgpu/parameters/ppfeaturemask' | grep '4294967295'

PCI

pci=nocrs,pcie_bus_perf

IOMMU

  • On F31 beta, this had some DMAR issues
intel_iommu=on

GNOME

Disable Wayland

cat '/etc/gdm/custom.conf' | grep '#WaylandEnable' > '/dev/null' && sudo sed -i 's/'#WaylandEnable'/'WaylandEnable'/g' '/etc/gdm/custom.conf' && cat '/etc/gdm/custom.conf' | grep 'WaylandEnable'
sudo -e '/etc/gdm/custom.conf'

Root GUI Apps in Wayland

  • Run this before running GUI applications requiring root
  • This needs re-ran after session restart
  • TODO: Is this even needed anymore?
xhost +LOCAL:

Settings

All-in-one

  • Last updated: 2019/10/24
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.interface' 'enable-animations' 'false' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'send-events' 'disabled-on-external-mouse' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'natural-scroll' 'false' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.mouse' 'accel-profile' 'flat' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'tap-to-click' 'false' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'tap-and-drag' 'false' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'disable-while-typing' 'false' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'click-method' 'areas' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.interface' 'clock-show-date' 'true' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.software' 'download-updates' 'false' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.interface' 'clock-show-weekday' 'true'

Individual

  • Last updated: 2019/10/24
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.interface' 'enable-animations' 'false'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'send-events' 'disabled-on-external-mouse'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'natural-scroll' 'false'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.mouse' 'accel-profile' 'flat'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'tap-to-click' 'false'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'tap-and-drag' 'false'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'disable-while-typing' 'false'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'click-method' 'areas'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.interface' 'clock-show-date' 'true'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.software' 'download-updates' 'false'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.interface' 'clock-show-weekday' 'true'

Hostname

  • Change x to computer name
hostnamectl set-hostname 'x'

KeePassXC

Settings

  • General → [ ] Load previous databases on startup

Add Database Password to GNOME Keyring

secret-tool store --label='KeePass' 'keepass' 'default'

mpv

mkdir -p ~/'.config/mpv' && echo -e "profile=gpu-hq\nscale=ewa_lanczossharp\ncscale=ewa_lanczossharp\nvideo-sync=display-resample\ninterpolation\ntscale=oversample" | tee ~/'.config/mpv/mpv.conf' > '/dev/null' && cat ~/'.config/mpv/mpv.conf'

NetworkManager

  • wifi.powersave can be 2 for disabled, or 3 for enabled
  • :!: ethernet.cloned-mac-address=random breaks USB Tethering with iOS/iPhones
sudo -e '/etc/NetworkManager/conf.d/99-custom.conf'
[device-mac-randomization]
wifi.scan-rand-mac-address=yes

[connection-mac-randomization]
ethernet.cloned-mac-address=random
wifi.cloned-mac-address=random

[connection]
wifi.powersave=2

Broadcom

sudo -e '/etc/NetworkManager/conf.d/99-custom.conf'
[device]
match-device=driver:wl
wifi.scan-rand-mac-address=no

[connection]
wifi.powersave=2

Driver Reload

  • :!: wl is particularly picky on Fedora and usually when connecting to new APs, the driver needs outright reloaded
sudo modprobe -r 'wl' && sudo modprobe -i 'wl' && sync

Laptop Power Management

Secure Shell

Solo Key

Information

PAM

Dependencies

sudo dnf install pamu2fcfg pam-u2f

Centralized Key

pamu2fcfg > ~/'u2f_keys' && sudo mv ~/'u2f_keys' '/etc/u2f_mappings'

GDM

  • Add to line 2, under the pam_selinux_permit.so entry
sudo -e '/etc/pam.d/gdm-password'
auth sufficient pam_u2f.so authfile=/etc/u2f_mappings cue

sudo

  • Add to line 2, under the #%PAM-1.0 line
sudo -e '/etc/pam.d/sudo'
auth sufficient pam_u2f.so authfile=/etc/u2f_mappings cue

TRIM

Swap

  • Add discard after defaults for the swap mountpoint 4)
  • According to the swapon man page, setting this in fstab is acceptable
sudo -e '/etc/fstab'
,discard

Service

sudo systemctl enable 'fstrim.timer' --now && sudo systemctl start 'fstrim' && sync && sudo systemctl status 'fstrim' -l

Wine

Computer-specific

Nightwane

Volume

  • TODO: Change where this is; no longer have this computer
alsamixer

Fan Control

  • TODO: Change where this is; it's not specific to this computer nor fan control
sudo dnf install 'lm_sensors' -y && sudo sensors-detect --auto

Custom Resolution

Generate Modeline

  • 4k@60Hz CVT-RB
  • Fixes unstable HDMI at 4K@60Hz, and overly-bright colors on DisplayPort
  • :!: The grep here confirms the expected Modeline 5)
  • :!: This cannot be used on Wayland currently
  • :!: This expects amdgpu DDX driver to be used 6)
cvt --verbose --reduced '3840' '2160' '60' | grep 'Modeline "3840x2160R"  533.00  3840 3888 3920 4000  2160 2163 2168 2222 +hsync -vsync'

xorg.conf Snippet

  • :!: HDMI-A-0 is used for the Identifier with the HDMI port on amdgpu
sudo -e '/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/99-graphics.conf'
Section "Monitor"
    Identifier      "HDMI-A-0"
    Modeline "3840x2160R"  533.00  3840 3888 3920 4000  2160 2163 2168 2222 +hsync -vsync
    Option          "PreferredMode" "3840x2160R"
EndSection

Spinesnap

  • :!: Using an AMD eGPU with a display attached doesn't seem to work reliably if the intel driver is being used 7)
  • TODO: If intel offers no obvious benefit, remove the OutputClass section for it and let it default to modesetting
sudo dnf install xorg-x11-drv-intel xorg-x11-drv-amdgpu -y && sudo -e '/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/99-graphics.conf'
Section "Monitor"
    Identifier      "HDMI-A-0"
    Modeline "3840x2160R"  533.00  3840 3888 3920 4000  2160 2163 2168 2222 +hsync -vsync
    Option          "PreferredMode" "3840x2160R"
EndSection

Section "OutputClass"
    Identifier  "Intel Graphics"
    MatchDriver "i915"
    Driver      "intel"
    Option      "DRI"       "3"
    Option      "TearFree"  "0"
EndSection

Section "OutputClass"
    Identifier  "AMD Graphics"
    MatchDriver "amdgpu"
    Driver      "amdgpu"
    Option      "DRI"       "3"
    Option      "TearFree"  "0"
EndSection

Deep Color

  • The lack-of quotes around 30 is intentional and required syntax
  • :!: This may cause minor issues with programs not expecting 30-bit color 8)
  • :!: This can cause games in Wine to not start under some circumstances 9)
  • There is no known benefit to enabling this as of 2019/10/22
sudo -e '/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/99-graphics.conf'
Section "Screen"
    Identifier      "Deep Color Screen"
    DefaultDepth    30
EndSection

Graphics xorg.conf

intel

sudo dnf install 'xorg-x11-drv-intel' -y && sudo -e '/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/99-graphics.conf'
Section "OutputClass"
    Identifier  "Intel Graphics"
    MatchDriver "i915"
    Driver      "intel"
    Option      "DRI"       "3"
    Option      "TearFree"  "0"
EndSection

amdgpu

  • :!: ShadowPrimary set to on caused GNOME not to log-in
sudo dnf install 'xorg-x11-drv-amdgpu' -y && sudo -e '/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/99-graphics.conf'
Section "OutputClass"
    Identifier  "AMD Graphics"
    MatchDriver "amdgpu"
    Driver      "amdgpu"
    Option      "DRI"       "3"
    Option      "TearFree"  "0"
EndSection

radeon

  • Expects pre-SI GPUs 10)
  • For SI, CIK, and newer GPUs, use amdgpu, along with enabling si_support and cik_support respectively for the amdgpu kernel module 11)
  • :!: This was changed to a new syntax and untested as of 2019/08/23
sudo dnf install 'xorg-x11-drv-ati' -y && sudo -e '/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/99-graphics.conf'
Section "OutputClass"
    Identifier  "AMD Graphics"
    MatchDriver "radeon"
    Driver      "radeon"
    Option      "DRI"               "3"
    Option      "SwapbuffersWait"   "0"
    Option      "TearFree"          "0"
    Option      "AccelMethod"       "EXA"
EndSection

Mozilla Firefox

Settings

Desktop Launcher

  • :!: Replace Firefox favorite/shortcut launcher with the X11 one if using Xorg 12)

Environment Variables

  • Enables hardware acceleration, use of WebRenderer, and smooth-scrolling
  • :!: WebRenderer requires the previous MOZ_ACCELERATED variable as well
echo -e 'export MOZ_ACCELERATED=1\nexport MOZ_WEBRENDER=1\nexport MOZ_USE_XINPUT2=1' | sudo tee '/etc/profile.d/firefox-hwaccel.sh' > '/dev/null' && cat '/etc/profile.d/firefox-hwaccel.sh'
sudo -e '/etc/profile.d/firefox-hwaccel.sh'

Default Profile

rm -fv '/tmp/profiles.ini' && nano '/tmp/profiles.ini' && sed -i 's/'CHANGEME'/'$USER'/g' '/tmp/profiles.ini'
[General]
StartWithLastProfile=1

[Profile0]
Name=default
IsRelative=1
Path=CHANGEME
Default=1

user.js

  • Last updated: 2019/10/22
rm -fv '/tmp/user.js' && nano '/tmp/user.js'
/***********
 * General *
 ***********/

user_pref("extensions.screenshots.disabled", true);
user_pref("reader.parse-on-load.enabled", false);

user_pref("media.mediasource.experimental.enabled", true);
user_pref("media.mediasource.ignore_codecs", true);
user_pref("media.autoplay.enabled", false);

user_pref("webgl.disabled", true);
user_pref("webgl.enable-webgl2", false);
user_pref("accessibility.force_disabled", 1);
user_pref("mousewheel.min_line_scroll_amount", 40);
user_pref("browser.tabs.drawInTitlebar", true);
user_pref("network.standard-url.escape-utf8", false);

/***********
 * Privacy *
 ***********/

user_pref("security.tls.version.min", 2);
user_pref("security.ssl.require_safe_negotiation", true);
user_pref("security.ssl.treat_unsafe_negotiation_as_broken", true);
user_pref("security.OCSP.require", true);
user_pref("security.cert_pinning.enforcement_level", 2);
user_pref("security.ssl3.rsa_des_ede3_sha", false);
user_pref("security.ssl.enable_false_start", false);

/*******
 * U2F *
 *******/

user_pref("security.webauth.u2f", true);

/*******
 * END *
 *******/

VPN

  • :!: Add if using a VPN in order to prevent local IP address leaking
  • :!: IPv6 is disabled in order to prevent WebRTC from grabbing an IPv6 address even though NetworkManager has it disabled…
  • :!: media.peerconnection.enabled disables WebRTC
/***********
 * Privacy *
 ***********/

user_pref("network.dns.disableIPv6", true);
user_pref("media.peerconnection.enabled", false);

Apply Settings

  • Path should report the current user's username, and the text Custom Stuff should be visible
  • :!: If Firefox doesn't open automatically, firefox -p default must be ran the first time Firefox is started after this command
ls '/tmp/profiles.ini' '/tmp/user.js' && pkill 'firefox' && rm -Rfv ~/'.mozilla' && sync && mkdir -p ~/'.mozilla/firefox/'$USER && mv '/tmp/profiles.ini' ~/'.mozilla/firefox/profiles.ini' && mv '/tmp/user.js' ~/'.mozilla/firefox/'$USER'/user.js' && sync && cat ~/'.mozilla/firefox/profiles.ini' | grep $USER && cat ~/'.mozilla/firefox/'$USER'/user.js' | grep 'Custom Stuff' && sleep '1' && sync || firefox -p 'default'

Extensions

Download

  • Decentraleyes
  • HTTPS Everywhere
  • Privacy Possum
  • Cookie AutoDelete
  • uBlock Origin
gio open 'https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/decentraleyes/versions' && gio open 'https://www.eff.org/https-everywhere' && gio open 'https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/privacy-possum/versions' && gio open 'https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/cookie-autodelete/versions' && gio open 'https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/ublock-origin/versions'
  • [x] Enable Automatic Cleaning? Delay Before Cleaning
  • [x] Enable Cleanup on Domain Change
  • [ ] Enable Cleanup Log and Counter
  • [ ] Show Notification After Cookie Cleanup
  • [x] Clean Cookies from Open Tabs on Startup
  • [x] Localstorage Cleanup (Firefox 58+)

uBlock Origin

Settings

  • [x] Prevent WebRTC from leaking local IP addresses

Filter lists

  • [ ] Ads → EasyList 13)
  • [ ] Privacy → EasyPrivacy 14)
  • Multipurpose → [x] Dan Pollock's hosts file
  • Multipurpose → [x] hpHost's Ad and tracking servers
  • Multipurpose → [x] MVPS HOSTS
  • Custom → [x] Import

Custom 3rd-party filters

  • Last updated: 2018/11/23
https://www.fanboy.co.nz/fanboy-problematic-sites.txt
https://www.fanboy.co.nz/r/fanboy-ultimate.txt
https://www.fanboy.co.nz/fanboy-antifacebook.txt
https://www.fanboy.co.nz/fanboy-antifonts.txt
https://www.fanboy.co.nz/fanboy-cookiemonster.txt
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ryanbr/fanboy-adblock/master/popads-domains-list.txt
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ryanbr/fanboy-adblock/master/fake-news.txt

Testing Sites

Notable Folders and Commands

Extract ISO

  • D is the destination you want the extracted files to go
  • x is the ISO you want to extract files from
  • No space after the -o flag is intentional
  • This is primarily useful for copying Windows ISO images to a FAT32 flash drive
7z x -o'D' -y x
7z x -o'/run/media/espionage724/LTSC 2019' -y '/home/espionage724/Downloads/en_windows_10_enterprise_ltsc_2019_x64_dvd_be3c8ffb.iso' && sync && sync

youtube-dl

Download

rm -f '/tmp/youtube-dl' && wget -O '/tmp/youtube-dl' 'https://yt-dl.org/downloads/latest/youtube-dl' && chmod +x '/tmp/youtube-dl'

Show Formats

  • Change x to a URL
'/tmp/youtube-dl' --list-formats x

Download Media

  • Change x to a URL
  • bestaudio can be changed to bestvideo for just video, or best for best video with audio
'/tmp/youtube-dl' --extract-audio --format 'bestaudio' x

M4A Audio

  • Ideally for if iOS devices will be involved
'/tmp/youtube-dl' --extract-audio --format 'bestaudio' --audio-format 'm4a' x

MP3 Audio

'/tmp/youtube-dl' --extract-audio --format 'bestaudio' --audio-format 'mp3' x

Shortcuts

/usr/share/applications
~/.local/share/applications

Icons

/usr/share/icons/hicolor
~/.local/share/icons/hicolor

Anaconda Module Blacklists

sudo -e '/etc/modprobe.d/anaconda-blacklist.conf'

YUM/DNF Repos

gio open '/etc/yum.repos.d'

DNF History

Transaction IDs

sudo dnf history

Undo

  • Change x to a transaction ID found above
sudo dnf history undo x

GPG Keys

Check Keys

rpm -q gpg-pubkey --qf '%{NAME}-%{VERSION}-%{RELEASE}\t%{SUMMARY}\n'

Remove Keys

sudo rpm -e x

Re-generate Thumbnails

rm -Rf ~/'.cache/thumbnails'

List GNOME gsettings

  • Change x to schema or omit it to show all settings
gsettings list-recursively 'x'

GNOME Software Maintenance

pkcon -c '1' refresh && pkcon update

fstrim

sudo fstrim --verbose --all

SELinux Re-label

sudo touch '/.autorelabel'

GNOME Monitors Reset

rm -f ~/'.config/monitors.xml' ~/'.config/monitors.xml~'

PulseAudio Reset

rm -f ~/'.config/pulse/'*

Xorg Debug

journalctl -e _COMM='gdm-x-session'
gio open ~/'.local/share/xorg/Xorg.1.log'

Verify DRI3

LIBGL_DEBUG='verbose' glxinfo | grep 'libgl'

GpuTest

Execute

HDTV

  • 1280×720
wget -O '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64.zip' 'http://www.ozone3d.net/gputest/dl/GpuTest_Linux_x64_0.7.0.zip' && unzip '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64.zip' -d '/tmp' && cd '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64_'* && ./GpuTest /test='fur' /width='1280' /height='720'
cd '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64_'* && ./GpuTest /test='fur' /width='1280' /height='720'
/fullscreen /benchmark /benchmark_duration_ms='15000'

FHD

  • 1920×1080
wget -O '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64.zip' 'http://www.ozone3d.net/gputest/dl/GpuTest_Linux_x64_0.7.0.zip' && unzip '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64.zip' -d '/tmp' && cd '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64_'* && ./GpuTest /test='fur' /width='1920' /height='1080'
cd '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64_'* && ./GpuTest /test='fur' /width='1920' /height='1080'
/fullscreen /benchmark /benchmark_duration_ms='15000'

UHDTV1

  • 3840×2160
wget -O '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64.zip' 'http://www.ozone3d.net/gputest/dl/GpuTest_Linux_x64_0.7.0.zip' && unzip '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64.zip' -d '/tmp' && cd '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64_'* && ./GpuTest /test='fur' /width='3840' /height='2160'
cd '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64_'* && ./GpuTest /test='fur' /width='3840' /height='2160'
/fullscreen /benchmark /benchmark_duration_ms='15000'

Cleanup

rm -Rf '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_'* && cd ~ && sync

Show Sensors

sudo apt install 'lm-sensors' -y && sudo sensors-detect --auto && sudo watch -n0.1 sensors

Show CPU Frequency

grep 'MHz' '/proc/cpuinfo'
watch -n 0.1 grep \'cpu MHz\' '/proc/cpuinfo'

OpenSSL Supported Ciphers

openssl ciphers -v | awk '{print $2}' | sort | uniq

Partition Information

  • Both commands do the same things
df -hT
df --human-readable --print-type

Encryption Information

sudo cryptsetup -v status '/dev/dm-0'

ATA Secure Erase

  • :!: All hdparm commands below assume actions to be performed on /dev/sda

Preparation

sudo dnf install 'hdparm' && sync
sudo hdparm -I '/dev/sda'
systemctl suspend

ATA Secure Erase

sudo blkdiscard --verbose '/dev/sda'
sudo hdparm --user-master u --security-set-pass 'x' '/dev/sda' && sudo hdparm --user-master u --security-erase-enhanced 'x' '/dev/sda' && sync
sudo hdparm --user-master u --security-set-pass 'x' '/dev/sda' && sudo hdparm --user-master u --security-erase 'x' '/dev/sda' && sync

NVMe Erase

  • NVMe Erase from the start page lands here and I usually use a Ubuntu LiveUSB to do this, hence the apt command
sudo apt install 'nvme-cli' -y && sync
sudo dnf install 'nvme-cli' -y && sync
sudo nvme format '/dev/nvme0' --reset --ses='1' --pil='0' --pi='0' --ms='0' && sync

Clean EFI Variables

  • :!: Could potentially cause a firmware brick or other issues with improper EFI implementations, use at own risk 15)
  • Safer way is to use efibootmgr to remove boot entries individually
sudo rm -f '/sys/firmware/efi/efivars/'* || sync && sudo efibootmgr -v

RAID

Controller Details

sudo mdadm --detail-platform

Create Software RAID

  • :?: Came from old notes; I assume this worked at some point, but in any case, the syntax looks nice :p
sudo mdadm --create '/dev/md0' --name='RAID' --level='0' --raid-devices='3' '/dev/sda' '/dev/sdb' '/dev/sdc' --verbose

VGA Switcheroo Power States

sudo cat '/sys/kernel/debug/vgaswitcheroo/switch'

ACPI Tables

  • In dsdt.dsl, look for _OSI values, along with Windows and Linux
sudo dnf install 'acpica-tools'
sudo cp --force '/sys/firmware/acpi/tables/DSDT' ~/'dsdt.dat'
cd ~ && iasl -d ~/'dsdt.dat'
gio open ~/'dsdt.dsl'
sudo dnf remove 'acpica-tools' && sync

Display EDID Info

sudo dnf install 'monitor-edid'
monitor-edid

Custom Resolutions

Generate Modeline

  • Use --reduced only for LCD/Non-CRT displays, and only as-needed 16)
  • Syntax is horizontal (width), vertical (height) and refresh rate
cvt '3840' '2160' '60'
cvt --reduced '3840' '2160' '60'
--reduced

Temporarily Apply

  • Changes are lost after reboot
  • Values after --newmode are from the above generate command, and is everything after Modeline
xrandr --newmode "3840x2160R"  533.00  3840 3888 3920 4000  2160 2163 2168 2222 +hsync -vsync
xrandr --addmode 'HDMI-A-0' '3840x2160R'
xrandr --output 'HDMI-A-0' --mode '3840x2160R'

Verify

xrandr --verbose | grep *current

Permanently Apply

  • Identifier is the name of the port on the GPU the display is connected to
  • Modeline is from the above generate command, including the text Modeline
  • PreferredMode is the custom resolution name generated
Section "Monitor"
    Identifier  "HDMI-A-0"
    Modeline x
    Option      "PreferredMode" "3840x2160R"
EndSection

Backlight

Notes

  • The following commands with an asterisk expect only one backlight controller at /sys/class/backlight
  • This was only tested on one laptop with intel_backlight
  • See Power Management notes on how to add backlight changes to a udev script
  • See backlight for more details

Controller Name

ls '/sys/class/backlight'

Query Current Brightness

cat '/sys/class/backlight/'*'/brightness'

Query Max Brightness

cat '/sys/class/backlight/'*'/max_brightness'

Set Custom Brightness

  • Change 376 to desired brightness
  • Desired brightness must be under max_brightness value
echo "376" | sudo tee '/sys/class/backlight/'*'/brightness' > '/dev/null'

Set Max Brightness

echo "$(cat '/sys/class/backlight/'*'/max_brightness')" | sudo tee '/sys/class/backlight/'*'/brightness' > '/dev/null'

Intel GuC Firmware

sudo cat '/sys/kernel/debug/dri/0/i915_guc_info'
sudo cat '/sys/kernel/debug/dri/0/i915_guc_load_status'

Hyper-threading Information

grep -e "processor" -e "core id" -e "^$" /proc/cpuinfo

Optimal GCC compiler flags

gcc -v -E -x c -march=native -mtune=native - < /dev/null 2>&1 | grep cc1 | perl -pe 's/ -mno-\S+//g; s/^.* - //g;'

Privacy

Clear Terminal History

history -cw

Create 7z Password Archive

  • Change 7ZIPNAME in 7ZIPNAME.7z to the desired archive name
  • Change PASS in -pPASS to the desired password
  • Change x to the file or folder to add to the archive
7za a '7ZIPNAME.7z' -p'PASS' 'x'
7za a 'x.7z' -p'x' 'x'

oathtool

  • x is a secret without &digits=6
sudo dnf install 'oathtool'
oathtool --totp -b 'x'

Remove EXIF data

sudo dnf install 'perl-Image-ExifTool'
exiftool -all= *.* -overwrite_original
3)
EFI file to boot and in the case of (quirky) InsydeH2O UEFI implementations, add to SecureBoot trust; doesn't matter if SecureBoot is enabled or not
4)
defaults,discard
5)
if grep reports nothing, use whatever is reported instead
6)
modesetting has a 4K RB resolution without any settings on Xorg
7)
for a very specific scenario, the Intel iGPU has to be active, manually set to use the intel Xorg DDX driver, an AMD GPU plugged into a Thunderbolt eGPU using the amdgpu Xorg DDX driver, with a 4K display plugged into it via HDMI
8)
GpuTest's fur ring doesn't render right, RS's NXT client's splash screen is gray
9)
FFXIV crashes on start-up due to a DirectX error
10)
HD6000 series and lower, and non-SI HD7000 series
11)
see modinfo -p amdgpu
12)
install firefox-x11 if it doesn't exist
13) , 14)
uncheck; included in Fanboy Ultimate List
15)
personally tested fine on several Acer and Dell computers
16)
useful for reducing amount of bandwidth over cables, particularly in-case of unstable 4k@60Hz set-ups
distros/fedora_workstation_gnome.txt · Last modified: 2019/11/18 15:25 by Sean Rhone