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distros:raspbian [2018/06/01 00:01]
Sean Rhone [Service]
distros:raspbian [2018/06/01 00:01] (current)
Sean Rhone old revision restored (2018/05/31 00:00)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +====== Information ======
  
 +  * Raspbian ((https://www.raspbian.org))
 +
 +===== Prerequisites =====
 +
 +  * [[Devices:Raspberry Pi]]
 +
 +====== Download ======
 +
 +===== Web =====
 +
 +  * https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/raspbian
 +
 +===== wget =====
 +
 +==== Full ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  wget 'https://downloads.raspberrypi.org/raspbian_latest' -O ~/'Downloads/raspbian.zip'
 +
 +==== Lite ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  wget 'https://downloads.raspberrypi.org/raspbian_lite_latest' -O ~/'Downloads/raspbian-lite.zip'
 +
 +====== Expand Filesystem ======
 +
 +  * This **must** be done before anything else
 +
 +  sudo raspi-config
 +
 +====== Software ======
 +
 +===== Update =====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  sudo apt update && sudo apt full-upgrade -y && sudo apt autoremove -y && sudo apt clean && sync
 +
 +===== General =====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  sudo apt install htop -y && sync
 +
 +====== Settings ======
 +
 +===== raspi-config =====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  sudo raspi-config
 +
 +===== GNU nano =====
 +
 +  * Sets ''nowrap'' and ''nonewlines'' for current user
 +
 +  echo -e "set nowrap\nset nonewlines" | tee ~/'.nanorc' > '/dev/null' && cat ~/'.nanorc'
 +
 +===== Kernel Options =====
 +
 +  * Enables ''kernel.dmesg_restrict'', ''kernel.kptr_restrict'', and ''kernel.sysrq''
 +  * Sets ''vm.swappiness'' to ''10'' and ''vm.vfs_cache_pressure'' to ''50''
 +
 +  echo -e "kernel.dmesg_restrict = 1\nkernel.kptr_restrict = 1\nkernel.sysrq = 1\nvm.swappiness = 10\nvm.vfs_cache_pressure = 50" | sudo tee '/etc/sysctl.d/99-custom.conf' > '/dev/null' && cat '/etc/sysctl.d/99-custom.conf'
 +
 +===== Static IP =====
 +
 +  * Append to bottom of file and change as-needed
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/dhcpcd.conf'
 +
 +<code>
 +interface eth0
 +static ip_address=192.168.1.158/24
 +static routers=192.168.1.1
 +static domain_name_servers=1.1.1.1 1.0.0.1</code>
 +
 +===== systemd Journal =====
 +
 +  * Max log file sizes of ''50MB''
 +
 +  sudo mkdir -p '/etc/systemd/journald.conf.d' && echo -e "[Journal]\nSystemMaxUse=50M\nRuntimeMaxUse=50M" | sudo tee '/etc/systemd/journald.conf.d/logging.conf' > '/dev/null' && cat '/etc/systemd/journald.conf.d/logging.conf'
 +
 +===== TRIM =====
 +
 +==== Service ====
 +
 +  * Taken from Fedora Workstation with slight modifications
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/fstrim.service'
 +
 +  [Unit]
 +  Description=Discard unused blocks
 +  
 +  [Service]
 +  Type=oneshot
 +  ExecStartPre=/bin/sync
 +  ExecStart=/sbin/fstrim -a
 +  ExecStartPost=/bin/sync
 +
 +==== Timer ====
 +
 +  * Taken from Fedora Workstation
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/fstrim.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'fstrim.timer' && sudo systemctl start 'fstrim.timer' 'fstrim' && sudo systemctl status 'fstrim' -l
 +
 +  [Unit]
 +  Description=Discard unused blocks once a week
 +  Documentation=man:fstrim
 +  
 +  [Timer]
 +  OnCalendar=weekly
 +  AccuracySec=1h
 +  Persistent=true
 +  
 +  [Install]
 +  WantedBy=timers.target
 +
 +===== Secure Shell =====
 +
 +  * https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Secure_Shell#Daemon_management
 +
 +  sudo systemctl disable 'ssh' && sudo systemctl enable 'ssh.socket'
 +
 +===== Environment Variables =====
 +
 +==== Timezone ====
 +
 +  * https://blog.packagecloud.io/eng/2017/02/21/set-environment-variable-save-thousands-of-system-calls
 +
 +  echo 'export TZ=:/etc/localtime' | sudo tee '/etc/profile.d/tz.sh' > '/dev/null' && cat '/etc/profile.d/tz.sh' | grep -e 'export TZ=:/etc/localtime'
 +
 +====== Automatic Updates ======
 +
 +===== Service =====
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/raspbian-up.service'
 +
 +  [Service]
 +  Type=oneshot
 +  ExecStartPre='/usr/bin/apt' clean
 +  ExecStart='/usr/bin/apt' update
 +  ExecStart='/usr/bin/apt' full-upgrade -y
 +  ExecStart='/usr/bin/apt' autoremove -y
 +  ExecStartPost='/bin/sync'
 +  ExecStartPost='/bin/systemctl' reboot
 +
 +===== Timer =====
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/raspbian-up.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'raspbian-up.timer' --now
 +
 +  [Unit]
 +  Description=Software Package Maintenance and Updater
 +  After=network-online.target
 +  Wants=network-online.target
 +  
 +  [Timer]
 +  OnCalendar=*-*-* 05:40:00
 +  Persistent=true
 +  
 +  [Install]
 +  WantedBy=timers.target
 +
 +https://dakboard.com/app/screenPredefined?p=c14c5944d8ed6a1433ae43c9e96b07d5
distros/raspbian.txt ยท Last modified: 2018/06/01 00:01 by Sean Rhone