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distros:ubuntu_desktop_test

Information

  • Ubuntu 1)
  • Desktop 2)

Download

HOSTS

wget -O '/tmp/hosts-tmp' 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/StevenBlack/hosts/master/alternates/fakenews-gambling/hosts' && sudo cp '/etc/hosts' '/etc/hosts-bak' && sudo mv '/tmp/hosts-tmp' '/etc/hosts' && sync
cat '/etc/hosts' | grep 'Date:'
sudo -e '/etc/hosts'

Software

Update

System

sudo apt update && sudo apt full-upgrade -y && sudo apt autoremove -y && sudo apt clean && sync

Firmware

sudo fwupdmgr refresh --force && sudo fwupdmgr update --verbose

Snaps

sudo snap refresh

General

sudo apt install evolution filezilla gimp keepassxc mpv transmission-gtk aria2 htop unar p7zip-full mesa-utils ffmpeg libsecret-tools lm-sensors libreoffice rhythmbox 

OpenVPN

network-manager-openvpn-gnome

ckb-next

Keybase

  • :!: This needs ran as a separate command and not combined with the above package installations
rm -Rf '/tmp/keybase_amd64.deb' && wget -O '/tmp/keybase_amd64.deb' 'https://prerelease.keybase.io/keybase_amd64.deb' && sudo apt install '/tmp/keybase_amd64.deb' && rm '/tmp/keybase_amd64.deb' && sync && run_keybase

Google Chrome

  • :!: TODO: This may need updated to run with apt instead of dpkg
wget -O '/tmp/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb' 'https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb' && sudo dpkg --install '/tmp/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb' || sudo apt install -f && rm '/tmp/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb' && sync

Settings

Keyboard Shortcuts

bash -c "secret-tool lookup 'keepass' 'default' | keepassxc --pw-stdin ~/'Documents/keepass.kdbx'"
gnome-terminal --command "sudo sh -c 'apt update && apt full-upgrade -y && apt clean && apt autoremove -y && sync && snap refresh && wget -O '/etc/hosts' 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/StevenBlack/hosts/master/alternates/fakenews-gambling/hosts' && sync && fstrim --all --verbose && sync && sleep '5''"

Keys

  • Listed respectively to above
  • Ctrl + Alt + Z
  • Pause or F7

Printer

  • HP OfficeJet Pro 8710, driverless, cups-filters
  • Print Color Mode: Device Gray
  • Administration → Set As Server Default
socket://192.168.1.164:9100

gedit

  • 4 Tab width
  • Insert Spaces for Tab mode

Network

Quad9 DNS

9.9.9.11,149.112.112.11
2620:fe::11,2620:fe::fe:11

VPN.AC

  • See VPN.AC
  • :!: If using this VPN, disable IPv6 from NetworkManager

Nautilus

  • Sort folders before files

Rhythmbox

GRUB

Config

sudo -e '/etc/default/grub' && sudo update-grub

IOMMU

  • :!: On Ryzen, this should be left enabled in the firmware settings in all cases, but if not directly used for virtualization, should be disabled from the OS (note)
iommu=pt

amdgpu

  • Allows use of Overdrive options for overclocking and notably increasing the Power Limit
amdgpu.ppfeaturemask=0xffffffff
cat '/sys/module/amdgpu/parameters/ppfeaturemask' | grep '4294967295'

GNOME

Settings

All-in-one

  • Last updated: 2021/09/26
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.interface' 'enable-animations' 'false' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'send-events' 'disabled-on-external-mouse' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'natural-scroll' 'false' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.mouse' 'accel-profile' 'flat' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'tap-to-click' 'false' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'tap-and-drag' 'false' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'disable-while-typing' 'false' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'click-method' 'areas' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.interface' 'clock-show-date' 'true' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.interface' 'clock-show-weekday' 'true' && gsettings set 'org.gnome.software' 'download-updates' 'false'

Individual

  • Last updated: 2021/09/26
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.interface' 'enable-animations' 'false'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'send-events' 'disabled-on-external-mouse'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'natural-scroll' 'false'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.mouse' 'accel-profile' 'flat'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'tap-to-click' 'false'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'tap-and-drag' 'false'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'disable-while-typing' 'false'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.peripherals.touchpad' 'click-method' 'areas'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.interface' 'clock-show-date' 'true'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.desktop.interface' 'clock-show-weekday' 'true'
gsettings set 'org.gnome.software' 'download-updates' 'false'

KeePassXC

Settings

  • General → [ ] Load previous databases on startup
  • Security → [x] Use DuckDuckGo service to download website icons

Add Database Password to GNOME Keyring

secret-tool store --label='KeePass' 'keepass' 'default'

lm_sensors

  • --auto is quicker, but more things are detected by doing the full scan
sudo sensors-detect
sudo sensors-detect --auto

mpv

mkdir -p ~/'.config/mpv' && nano ~/'.config/mpv/mpv.conf'
profile=gpu-hq
scale=ewa_lanczossharp
cscale=ewa_lanczossharp
video-sync=display-resample
interpolation
tscale=oversample

NetworkManager

  • wifi.powersave can be 2 for disabled, or 3 for enabled
  • :!: ethernet.cloned-mac-address=random breaks USB Tethering with iOS/iPhones
sudo mkdir -p '/etc/NetworkManager/conf.d' && sudo -e '/etc/NetworkManager/conf.d/99-custom.conf'
[device-mac-randomization]
wifi.scan-rand-mac-address=yes

[connection-mac-randomization]
wifi.cloned-mac-address=random

[connection]
wifi.powersave=2
[connection-mac-randomization]
ethernet.cloned-mac-address=random

Secure Shell

  • See Client notes to generate/restore public key

Uncomplicated Firewall

sudo ufw reset && sudo ufw default deny && sudo ufw logging off && sudo ufw enable && sudo systemctl enable 'ufw'
sudo ufw allow 'ssh'

Drive Maintenance

Trim

  • :!: Enable only if a SSD is being used for Linux
sudo systemctl enable 'fstrim.timer' --now && sudo systemctl start 'fstrim' && sync && sudo systemctl status 'fstrim' -l

XFS Scrub

  • :!: Enable only if a persistent drive exists formatted with XFS
  • :!: TODO: Test this on Ubuntu
sudo systemctl enable 'xfs_scrub_all.timer' --now && sudo systemctl start 'xfs_scrub_all' && sync && sudo systemctl status 'xfs_scrub_all' -l

UTC

  • Set RTC to UTC
  • :!: Needed if Windows is installed first
  • :!: Windows should also be set to UTC
sudo timedatectl set-local-rtc '0'

Verify

timedatectl | grep local

Wine

Xorg

Mozilla Firefox

  • See Firefox if old configuration is needed, otherwise use Firefox Sync

Server

  • For workstations that run servers as a secondary directive
  • For headless servers, use openSUSE TW (Server)

Automatic Updates

Service

sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/suse-up.service'
[Service]
Type=oneshot
ExecStartPre='/usr/bin/zypper' clean --all
ExecStart='/usr/bin/zypper' --non-interactive refresh --force --services
ExecStart='/usr/bin/zypper' --non-interactive dist-upgrade --auto-agree-with-licenses --allow-downgrade --allow-name-change --allow-arch-change --allow-vendor-change
ExecStartPost='/usr/bin/sync'
ExecStartPost='/usr/bin/systemctl' reboot

Timer

  • 06:00 Oak
sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/suse-up.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'suse-up.timer' --now
[Unit]
Description=Software Package Maintenance and Updater
After=network-online.target
Wants=network-online.target

[Timer]
OnCalendar=*-*-* 06:00:00
Persistent=true

[Install]
WantedBy=timers.target

Notable Folders and Commands

Extract ISO

  • D is the destination you want the extracted files to go
  • x is the ISO you want to extract files from
  • No space after the -o flag is intentional
  • This is primarily useful for copying Windows ISO images to a FAT32 flash drive
7z x -o'D' -y x
7z x -o'/run/media/espionage724/LTSC 2019' -y '/home/espionage724/Downloads/en_windows_10_enterprise_ltsc_2019_x64_dvd_be3c8ffb.iso' && sync && sync

youtube-dl

Download

rm -f '/tmp/youtube-dl' && wget -O '/tmp/youtube-dl' 'https://yt-dl.org/downloads/latest/youtube-dl' && chmod +x '/tmp/youtube-dl'

Show Formats

  • Change x to a URL
'/tmp/youtube-dl' --list-formats x

Download Media

  • Change x to a URL
  • bestaudio can be changed to bestvideo for just video, or best for best video with audio
'/tmp/youtube-dl' --extract-audio --format 'bestaudio' x

M4A Audio

  • Ideally for if iOS devices will be involved
'/tmp/youtube-dl' --extract-audio --format 'bestaudio' --audio-format 'm4a' x

MP3 Audio

'/tmp/youtube-dl' --extract-audio --format 'bestaudio' --audio-format 'mp3' x

Shortcuts

/usr/share/applications
~/.local/share/applications

Icons

/usr/share/icons/hicolor
~/.local/share/icons/hicolor

Zypper

Find Orphans

zypper packages --orphaned

Remove Package and Deps

sudo zypper remove --clean-deps 'x'

Show Installed Patterns

sudo zypper patterns --installed-only

Folder

ls '/etc/zypp/repos.d'

List

zypper repos --priority

GPG Keys

Check Keys

rpm -q gpg-pubkey --qf '%{NAME}-%{VERSION}-%{RELEASE}\t%{SUMMARY}\n'

Remove Keys

sudo rpm -e x

Re-generate Thumbnails

rm -Rf ~/'.cache/thumbnails'

List GNOME gsettings

  • Change x to schema or omit it to show all settings
gsettings list-recursively 'x'

GNOME Software Maintenance

pkcon -c '1' refresh && pkcon update

GNOME Monitors Reset

rm -f ~/'.config/monitors.xml' ~/'.config/monitors.xml~'

PulseAudio Reset

rm -f ~/'.config/pulse/'*

Xorg Debug

journalctl -e _COMM='gdm-x-session'
gio open ~/'.local/share/xorg/Xorg.1.log'

GpuTest

Execute

HDTV

  • 1280×720
wget -O '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64.zip' 'http://www.ozone3d.net/gputest/dl/GpuTest_Linux_x64_0.7.0.zip' && unzip '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64.zip' -d '/tmp' && cd '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64_'* && ./GpuTest /test='fur' /width='1280' /height='720'
cd '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64_'* && ./GpuTest /test='fur' /width='1280' /height='720'
/fullscreen /benchmark /benchmark_duration_ms='15000'

FHD

  • 1920×1080
wget -O '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64.zip' 'http://www.ozone3d.net/gputest/dl/GpuTest_Linux_x64_0.7.0.zip' && unzip '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64.zip' -d '/tmp' && cd '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64_'* && ./GpuTest /test='fur' /width='1920' /height='1080'
cd '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64_'* && ./GpuTest /test='fur' /width='1920' /height='1080'
/fullscreen /benchmark /benchmark_duration_ms='15000'

UHDTV1

  • 3840×2160
wget -O '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64.zip' 'http://www.ozone3d.net/gputest/dl/GpuTest_Linux_x64_0.7.0.zip' && unzip '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64.zip' -d '/tmp' && cd '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64_'* && ./GpuTest /test='fur' /width='3840' /height='2160'
cd '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_x64_'* && ./GpuTest /test='fur' /width='3840' /height='2160'
/fullscreen /benchmark /benchmark_duration_ms='15000'

Cleanup

rm -Rf '/tmp/GpuTest_Linux_'* && cd ~ && sync

Show Sensors

sudo watch -n0.5 sensors

Show CPU Frequency

grep 'MHz' '/proc/cpuinfo'
watch -n 0.1 grep \'cpu MHz\' '/proc/cpuinfo'

Partition Information

  • Both commands present the same information
df -hT
df --human-readable --print-type

Privacy

Clear Terminal History

history -cw

Create 7z Password Archive

  • Change 7ZIPNAME in 7ZIPNAME.7z to the desired archive name
  • Change PASS in -pPASS to the desired password
  • Change x to the file or folder to add to the archive
sudo apt install 'p7zip-full'
7za a '7ZIPNAME.7z' -p'PASS' 'x'
7za a 'x.7z' -p'x' 'x'

Remove EXIF data

sudo apt install 'libimage-exiftool-perl'
exiftool -all= *.* -overwrite_original
distros/ubuntu_desktop_test.txt · Last modified: 2021/09/26 12:35 by Sean Rhone