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servers:nginx:gnu_social [2019/01/15 04:24]
Sean Rhone [Server Block]
servers:nginx:gnu_social [2019/01/15 04:36] (current)
Sean Rhone
Line 1: Line 1:
 +====== Information ======
  
 +  * GNU social ((https://gnu.io/social)) ((https://git.gnu.io/gnu/gnu-social))
 +  * [[Information:Realm of Espionage]]
 +  * https://social.realmofespionage.xyz
 +
 +===== Prerequisites =====
 +
 +  * [[distros:ubuntu_server | Ubuntu Server]]
 +  * [[servers:mariadb | MariaDB]]
 +  * [[servers:nginx_php_php-fpm | nginx + PHP + PHP-FPM]]
 +  * [[servers:nginx:lets_encrypt | Let's Encrypt]]
 +
 +===== Notes =====
 +
 +  * Don't use **updateurls.php** script ((messes up group URLs; TODO: Re-verify this))
 +  * There was a timeout when trying to upload an image over VPN; maybe increase script upload time like in MediaGoblin? TODO: Figure this out
 +  * 
 +
 +====== Dependencies ======
 +
 +****
 +
 +  sudo apt install gettext
 +
 +====== Download Source ======
 +
 +****
 +
 +  sudo git clone -b 'nightly' 'https://git.gnu.io/gnu/gnu-social.git' '/var/www/social' --depth '1' && sudo chown -R 'www-data':'www-data' '/var/www/social' && sync
 +
 +====== Database ======
 +
 +  sudo mysql
 +
 +  CREATE DATABASE gnusocial;
 +
 +  GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON gnusocial.* to 'gnusocial'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'x';
 +
 +  FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
 +
 +====== nginx + PHP-FPM Configuration ======
 +
 +===== PHP-FPM Socket =====
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/php/7.2/fpm/pool.d/social.conf' && sudo systemctl restart 'php7.2-fpm'
 +
 +<code>
 +[social]
 +user = www-data
 +group = www-data
 +
 +listen = /run/php/social.sock
 +listen.owner = www-data
 +listen.group = www-data
 +listen.allowed_clients = 127.0.0.1
 +
 +pm = dynamic
 +pm.max_children = 8
 +pm.start_servers = 3
 +pm.min_spare_servers = 2
 +pm.max_spare_servers = 4
 +
 +php_value[date.timezone] = "America/New_York"
 +php_value[upload_tmp_dir] = "/tmp"
 +
 +php_value[max_execution_time] = "200"
 +php_value[memory_limit] = "512M"
 +php_value[post_max_size] = "10M"
 +php_value[upload_max_filesize] = "10M"
 +php_value[max_file_uploads] = "100"</code>
 +
 +===== FastCGI =====
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/nginx/snippets/social.conf'
 +
 +<code>
 +location ~ \.php$ {
 +    include /etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf;
 +    try_files $fastcgi_script_name =404;
 +    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/social.sock
 +    fastcgi_index index.php;
 +    fastcgi_buffers 16 16k; 
 +    fastcgi_buffer_size 32k;
 +    fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
 +}</code>
 +
 +===== Server Block =====
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/nginx/sites-available/social.conf'
 +
 +<code>
 +server {
 +    listen '443' 'ssl' 'http2';
 +    server_name 'social.realmofespionage.xyz';
 +    root '/var/www/social';
 +    index 'index.php';
 +
 +    include '/etc/nginx/snippets/social.conf';
 +    include '/etc/nginx/snippets/headers.conf';
 +
 +    client_max_body_size '10M';
 +
 +    add_header Content-Security-Policy "default-src 'self'; script-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' 'unsafe-eval'" always;
 +
 +    #access_log /var/log/nginx/social-access.log;
 +    #error_log /var/log/nginx/social-error.log;
 +
 +    location / {
 +        try_files $uri $uri/ @gnusocial;
 +    }
 +
 +    location @gnusocial {
 +        rewrite ^(.*)$ /index.php?p=$1 last;
 +    }
 +}</code>
 +
 +==== Enable Server Block ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  sudo rm -f '/etc/nginx/sites-enabled/social.conf' && sudo ln -s '/etc/nginx/sites-available/social.conf' '/etc/nginx/sites-enabled' && sudo systemctl reload 'nginx'
 +
 +====== Initial Setup ======
 +
 +  * https://social.realmofespionage.xyz/install.php
 +
 +====== Settings ======
 +
 +  * Uncomment ''schemacheck''
 +
 +  sudo -H -u 'www-data' -e '/var/www/social/config.php' && sudo -H -u 'www-data' php '/var/www/social/scripts/checkschema.php'
 +
 +  $config['db']['schemacheck'] = 'script';
 +
 +  # Queue Daemon
 +  $config['queue']['daemon'] = true;
 +  $config['queue']['enabled'] = true;
 +  $config['queue']['subsystem'] = 'db';
 +  GNUsocial::delPlugin('OpportunisticQM');
 +  
 +  # Mail System
 +  $config['mail']['domain'] = 'realmofespionage.xyz';
 +  $config['mail']['notifyfrom'] = '"RoE | Social" <social@realmofespionage.xyz>';
 +  $config['mail']['backend'] = 'smtp';
 +  $config['mail']['debug'] = true;
 +  $config['mail']['params'] = array(
 +  'host' => 'smtp.sendgrid.net',
 +  'port' => 587,
 +  'auth' => true,
 +  'username' => 'Espionage724',
 +  'password' => 'x'
 +  );
 +  
 +  # Other Settings
 +  $config['db']['schemacheck'] = 'script';
 +  $config['performance']['high'] = true;
 +  $config['thumbnail']['maxsize'] = 3000;
 +  addPlugin('MobileProfile');
 +
 +====== Content ======
 +
 +==== License ====
 +
 +  * Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International
 +  * https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 +  * https://social.realmofespionage.xyz/cc-by-sa-40.png
 +
 +  sudo -u 'www-data' wget -O '/var/www/social/cc-by-sa-40.png' 'https://licensebuttons.net/l/by-sa/4.0/80x15.png'
 +
 +==== Logo ====
 +
 +  * https://social.realmofespionage.xyz/roe-social-logo.png
 +  * TODO: Re-create the logo since the image host is dead, and never rely on 3rd-party hosts again :p
 +
 +  sudo -u 'www-data' wget -O '/var/www/social/roe-social-logo.png' 'https://i.sli.mg/ThdC4x.png'
 +
 +====== Webfinger ======
 +
 +  * :!: This URL must report something and not 404; else any remote interactions to the instance won't work
 +
 +  * https://social.realmofespionage.xyz/.well-known/host-meta
 +
 +====== Services ======
 +
 +===== Queue Daemon =====
 +
 +==== Service ====
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/social-d.service' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'social-d' --now && sudo systemctl status 'social-d' -l
 +
 +<code>
 +[Unit]
 +Description=GNU social Queue Daemon
 +After=network-online.target mariadb.service
 +Wants=network-online.target
 +
 +[Service]
 +Type=forking
 +User=www-data
 +Group=www-data
 +WorkingDirectory=/var/www/social
 +ExecStart='/var/www/social/scripts/startdaemons.sh'
 +ExecStop='/var/www/social/scripts/stopdaemons.sh'
 +Restart=always
 +RestartSec=5
 +
 +[Install]
 +WantedBy=multi-user.target</code>
 +
 +===== Restarter =====
 +
 +==== Service ====
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/social-re.service'
 +
 +<code>
 +[Service]
 +Type=oneshot
 +ExecStart='/bin/systemctl' stop 'social-d'
 +ExecStartPost='/bin/sync'
 +ExecStartPost='/bin/systemctl' start 'social-d'</code>
 +
 +==== Timer ====
 +
 +  * Every day at ''02:10:00''
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/social-re.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'social-re.timer' --now
 +
 +<code>
 +[Unit]
 +Description=GNU social Queue Daemon Restarter
 +After=network-online.target social-up.service
 +Wants=network-online.target
 +
 +[Timer]
 +OnCalendar=*-*-* 02:10:00
 +Persistent=true
 +
 +[Install]
 +WantedBy=timers.target</code>
 +
 +===== Updater =====
 +
 +==== Service ====
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/social-up.service'
 +
 +<code>
 +[Service]
 +User=www-data
 +Group=www-data
 +Type=oneshot
 +WorkingDirectory=/var/www/social
 +ExecStartPre='/usr/bin/git' -C '/var/www/social' pull origin 'nightly'
 +ExecStart='/usr/bin/php' '/var/www/social/scripts/upgrade.php'
 +ExecStart='/usr/bin/php' '/var/www/social/scripts/clean_file_table.php' -y
 +ExecStart='/usr/bin/php' '/var/www/social/scripts/clean_profiles.php' -y
 +ExecStart='/usr/bin/php' '/var/www/social/scripts/clean_thumbnails.php' -y
 +ExecStart='/usr/bin/php' '/var/www/social/scripts/delete_orphan_files.php' -y
 +ExecStart='/usr/bin/php' '/var/www/social/scripts/fixup_deletions.php'
 +ExecStart='/usr/bin/php' '/var/www/social/scripts/remove_duplicate_file_urls.php' -y
 +ExecStart='/usr/bin/php' '/var/www/social/scripts/update_po_templates.php'
 +ExecStart='/usr/bin/php' '/var/www/social/scripts/updateurls.php'
 +ExecStart='/usr/bin/php' '/var/www/social/scripts/checkschema.php'
 +ExecStartPost='/bin/sync'</code>
 +
 +==== Timer ====
 +
 +  * Every day at ''02:00:00''
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/social-up.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'social-up.timer' --now && sudo systemctl start 'social-up' && sudo systemctl status 'social-up' -l
 +
 +<code>
 +[Unit]
 +Description=GNU social Maintenance and Git Updater
 +After=network-online.target
 +Wants=network-online.target
 +
 +[Timer]
 +OnCalendar=*-*-* 02:00:00
 +Persistent=true
 +
 +[Install]
 +WantedBy=timers.target</code>
 +
 +===== Maintenance =====
 +
 +==== Service ====
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/social-m.service'
 +
 +<code>
 +[Service]
 +User=www-data
 +Group=www-data
 +Type=oneshot
 +WorkingDirectory=/var/www/social
 +ExecStart='/usr/bin/git' -C '/var/www/social' gc --aggressive --prune='all'
 +ExecStart='/usr/bin/git' -C '/var/www/social' fsck --full --strict
 +ExecStartPost='/bin/sync'</code>
 +
 +==== Timer ====
 +
 +  * ''01'' day of every month at ''02:20:00''
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/social-m.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'social-m.timer' --now
 +
 +<code>
 +[Unit]
 +Description=GNU social Maintenance
 +After=network-online.target
 +Wants=network-online.target
 +
 +[Timer]
 +OnCalendar=*-*-01 02:20:00
 +Persistent=true
 +
 +[Install]
 +WantedBy=timers.target</code>
 +
 +===== Backup =====
 +
 +  * This backs up an archive to the local disk and [[distros:ubuntu_server#nas_backups | to a NAS]]
 +
 +==== Files ====
 +
 +=== Service ===
 +
 +  mkdir -p ~/'backups' && sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/social-fb.service' && sudo sed -i 's/CHANGEME/'$USER'/g' '/etc/systemd/system/social-fb.service'
 +
 +<code>
 +[Service]
 +Type=oneshot
 +WorkingDirectory=/var/www
 +ExecStart='/bin/bash' -c '"/bin/tar" -cvzf "/home/CHANGEME/backups/gnusocial-files-auto-"$$(date +%%Y-%%m-%%d)".tar.gz" "social"'
 +ExecStartPost='/bin/sync'</code>
 +
 +=== Timer ===
 +
 +  * ''01'' day of every month at ''02:50:00''
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/social-fb.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'social-fb.timer' --now && sudo systemctl start 'social-fb' && sudo systemctl status 'social-fb' -l
 +
 +<code>
 +[Unit]
 +Description=GNU social Files Backup
 +
 +[Timer]
 +OnCalendar=*-*-01 02:50:00
 +Persistent=true
 +
 +[Install]
 +WantedBy=timers.target</code>
 +
 +==== Database ====
 +
 +=== Database Auth ===
 +
 +  sudo -e '/var/lib/mysqlauth/gnusocial' && sudo chmod '600' '/var/lib/mysqlauth/gnusocial'
 +
 +<code>
 +[mysqldump]
 +user=gnusocial
 +password=x</code>
 +
 +=== Service ===
 +
 +  mkdir -p ~/'backups' && sudo mkdir -p '/var/lib/mysqltmp' && sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/social-db.service' && sudo sed -i 's/'CHANGEME'/'$USER'/g' '/etc/systemd/system/social-db.service'
 +
 +<code>
 +[Service]
 +Type=oneshot
 +WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/mysqltmp
 +ExecStartPre='/usr/bin/mysqldump' --defaults-extra-file='/var/lib/mysqlauth/gnusocial' --single-transaction 'gnusocial' -r '/var/lib/mysqltmp/gnusocial.sql'
 +ExecStart='/bin/gzip' -f '/var/lib/mysqltmp/gnusocial.sql'
 +ExecStart='/bin/bash' -c '"/bin/mv" "/var/lib/mysqltmp/gnusocial.sql.gz" "/home/CHANGEME/backups/gnusocial-database-auto-"$$(date +%%Y-%%m-%%d)".sql.gz"'
 +ExecStartPost='/bin/sync'</code>
 +
 +=== Timer ===
 +
 +  * Every day at ''02:15:00''
 +
 +  sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/social-db.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'social-db.timer' --now && sudo systemctl start 'social-db' && sudo systemctl status 'social-db' -l
 +
 +<code>
 +[Unit]
 +Description=GNU social Database Backup
 +After=mariadb.service
 +
 +[Timer]
 +OnCalendar=*-*-* 02:15:00
 +Persistent=true
 +
 +[Install]
 +WantedBy=timers.target</code>
 +
 +====== Backup ======
 +
 +  * Create backup archive on server and transfer to client computer
 +
 +===== Server =====
 +
 +==== Stop Services ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  sudo systemctl stop nginx php7.2-fpm social-d
 +
 +==== Backup Folder ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  cd '/var/www' && sudo tar -cvzf ~/'gnusocial-files-manual-'$(date +%Y-%m-%d)'.tar.gz' 'social' && cd ~ && sync
 +
 +==== Backup Database ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  sudo mysqldump --defaults-extra-file='/var/lib/mysqlauth/gnusocial' --single-transaction 'gnusocial' -r ~/'gnusocial-database-manual-'$(date +%Y-%m-%d)'.sql' && sync
 +
 +==== Start Services ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  sudo systemctl start nginx php7.2-fpm social-d
 +
 +===== Client =====
 +
 +==== Transfer Files To Client ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  scp espionage724@192.168.1.153:~/'gnusocial-files-'*'.tar.gz' espionage724@192.168.1.153:~/'gnusocial-database-'*'.sql' ~/'Downloads' && sync
 +
 +====== Restore ======
 +
 +===== Client =====
 +
 +==== Uncompress Database ====
 +
 +  * This is only needed if restoring an **automated** database backup ((manual doesn't gzip))
 +
 +  gunzip ~/'Downloads/gnusocial-database-'*'.sql.gz'
 +
 +==== Transfer Files To Server ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  scp ~/'Downloads/gnusocial-files-'*'.tar.gz' ~/'Downloads/gnusocial-database-'*'.sql' espionage724@192.168.1.153:~
 +
 +==== Remove Files ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  rm -f ~/'Downloads/gnusocial-files-'*'.tar.gz' ~/'Downloads/gnusocial-database-'*'.sql' && sync
 +
 +===== Server =====
 +
 +==== Stop Services ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  sudo systemctl stop nginx php7.2-fpm social-d
 +
 +==== Remove Previous Folder ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  sudo rm -Rf '/var/www/social'
 +
 +==== Restore GNU social Folder ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  cd '/var/www' && sudo tar -xvzf ~/'gnusocial-files-'*'.tar.gz' 'social' && sudo chown -R 'www-data':'www-data' '/var/www/social' && cd ~ && sync
 +
 +==== Drop Previous Database ====
 +
 +  sudo mysql
 +
 +  DROP DATABASE gnusocial;
 +
 +  FLUSH TABLES;
 +
 +==== Re-create Databases ====
 +
 +  sudo mysql
 +
 +  CREATE DATABASE gnusocial;
 +
 +==== Restore Database ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  sudo mysql 'gnusocial' < ~/'gnusocial-database-'*'.sql' && sync
 +
 +==== Reapply Permissions ====
 +
 +  sudo mysql
 +
 +  GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON gnusocial.* to 'gnusocial'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'x';
 +
 +  FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
 +
 +==== Start Services ====
 +
 +****
 +
 +  sudo systemctl start nginx php7.2-fpm social-d
 +
 +==== Remove Backups ====
 +
 +  * Verify that GNU social works before running
 +
 +  rm ~/'gnusocial-files-'*'.tar.gz' ~/'gnusocial-database-'*'.sql' && sync
servers/nginx/gnu_social.txt ยท Last modified: 2019/01/15 04:36 by Sean Rhone