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servers:nginx:joomla

Information

Prerequisites

Notes

  • Use # as a URL when a blank menu item is needed
  • New Window With Navigation is needed in order to have external links open in a new tab
  • Icons should be 16×16 when shown in Menus and Titles need to have a space before them so the icon and text aren't too close to each other
  • Youtube's and Facebook's menu icon has to be named something other than youtube and facebook for it to display for some reason 4)
  • Optimizing CSS from Purity III/T3 Templates seems to cause the hamburger icon for mobile to not show

Download Source

sudo git clone --branch 'staging' --depth '1' --recurse-submodules 'https://github.com/joomla/joomla-cms.git' '/var/www/main' && sudo chown -R 'nginx':'nginx' '/var/www/main' && sync

SELinux

sudo semanage fcontext --deleteall "/var/www/main(/.*)?"
sudo semanage fcontext --add --type 'httpd_sys_rw_content_t' "/var/www/main(/.*)?"
sudo restorecon -R -v '/var/www/main' && sync

Database

mysql --user='root' --password
CREATE DATABASE joomla;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON joomla.* to 'joomla'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'x';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

nginx + PHP-FPM Configuration

PHP-FPM Socket

sudo -e '/etc/php-fpm.d/main.conf' && sudo systemctl restart 'php-fpm'
[main]
user = nginx
group = nginx

listen = /run/php-fpm/main.sock
listen.owner = nginx
listen.group = nginx
listen.allowed_clients = 127.0.0.1

pm = dynamic
pm.max_children = 8
pm.start_servers = 3
pm.min_spare_servers = 2
pm.max_spare_servers = 4

php_value[date.timezone] = "America/New_York"
php_value[upload_tmp_dir] = "/tmp"

php_value[max_execution_time] = "200"
php_value[memory_limit] = "512M"
php_value[post_max_size] = "10M"
php_value[upload_max_filesize] = "10M"
php_value[max_file_uploads] = "100"

php_value[session.save_handler] = files
php_value[session.save_path] = /var/lib/php/session
php_value[soap.wsdl_cache_dir] = /var/lib/php/wsdlcache
php_value[opcache.file_cache] = /var/lib/php/opcache

FastCGI

sudo -e '/etc/nginx/default.d/main.conf'
# PHP-FPM
location ~ \.(php|phar)(/.*)?$ {
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.(?:php|phar))(/.*)$;

    fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    include fastcgi_params;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/main.sock;
}

Server Block

sudo -e '/etc/nginx/conf.d/main.conf' && sudo systemctl reload 'nginx'
server {
    listen '443' 'ssl' 'http2';
    server_name 'realmofespionage.xyz';
    root '/var/www/main';
    index 'index.php';

    include '/etc/nginx/default.d/main.conf';
    include '/etc/nginx/default.d/headers.conf';

    client_max_body_size '10M';

    add_header Content-Security-Policy "default-src 'self'; script-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' 'unsafe-eval'; style-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline'" always;

#    access_log  /var/log/nginx/main-access.log;
#    error_log  /var/log/nginx/main-error.log;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
    }

    location ~* /(images|cache|media|logs|tmp)/.*\.(php|pl|py|jsp|asp|sh|cgi)$ {
        return 403;
        error_page 403 /403_error.html;
    }
}

Initial Setup

Plugins

T3 Framework

Purity III Template

Settings

Global Configuration

Site Meta Description

Realm of Espionage is a personal project composed of various self-hosted services. All services are hosted in-house under secure conditions, and notes are provided for all services under the CC-BY-SA 4.0 license.

Site Meta Keywords

privacy,linux,floss,foss,free,open,open-source,gnu,secure,hardened,ubuntu,espionage724,gaming,realm of espionage,roe,free and open-source software,transparent,transparency,letsencrypt,freedom,decentralized,self-host,self-hosted,in-house,decentralization

Content Rights

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International

Articles

  • System > Global Configuration > Articles
  • Show Title: Hide
  • Show Category: Hide
  • Show Author: Hide
  • Show Publish Date: Hide
  • Show Navigation: Hide
  • Show Print: Hide
  • Show Email: Hide
  • Show Hits: Hide
  • Menus > Main Menu > Home > Page Display
  • Show Page Heading: No

Purity III

Edit Style

  • Show T3 Logo = Off 6)
  • Logo Type = Text
  • Megamenu Animation = Fading (300ms)
  • Off-canvas Sidebar = Off 7)

Theme Magic

Brand Primary Color

#3D8BFF

#484848

#FFFFFF

sudo -H -u 'nginx' wget 'https://licensebuttons.net/l/by-sa/4.0/80x15.png' -O '/var/www/main/images/cc-by-sa-40.png'

Text

  • Place text within the <section class=“t3-copyright”> section underneath the Bootstrap by Twitter and Font Awesome mentions
  • Remove Bootstrap by Twitter and Font Awesome mentions
sudo -H -u 'nginx' -e '/var/www/main/templates/purity_iii/tpls/blocks/footer.php'
          <small>
            <img src="https://realmofespionage.xyz/images/cc-by-sa-40.png" width="80" height="15" /> All content and data available on Realm of Espionage is available under the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0" target="_blank">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International</a> license.
          </small>

Position Fix

sudo -H -u 'nginx' -e '/var/www/main/templates/purity_iii/css/custom.css'
html,

body {
  height: 100%;
}

.t3-wrapper {
  position: relative;
  min-height: 100%;
}

.t3-footer {
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
  right: 0;
}

.t3-copyright {
  padding-top: 20px;
  padding-bottom: 0px;
}
  • Unused currently, but may be useful if Joomla's native footer is to be used in-place of t3's
.t3-copyright {
    display: none;
}

Articles

Home

  • The line-breaks are intentional and are there to make how it displays look nicer
  • Add links to RoE | Wiki and CC BY-SA 4.0 license
 
 

Welcome! Realm of Espionage is a personal project composed of various services. All services on RoE are free and open-source, self-hosted, and configured with strict security in-mind. My most prominent project currently is RoE | Wiki, a DokuWiki instance that holds my notes on all sorts of operating system, client, and server deployments, free for anyone to view and redistribute under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.

 

This domain serves as a landing page and provides links to my most-used profiles and projects. To view them, use the navigation bar (desktop) or the hamburger icon (mobile) at the top of the screen.

 

Services

Updater

Service

sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/main-up.service'
[Service]
User=nginx
Group=nginx
Type=oneshot
ExecStart='/usr/bin/git' -C '/var/www/main' pull origin 'staging'
ExecStartPost='/usr/bin/sync'

Timer

  • Every day at 03:00:00
sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/main-up.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'main-up.timer' --now && sudo systemctl start 'main-up' && sudo systemctl status 'main-up' -l
[Unit]
Description=Joomla! Git Updater
After=network-online.target
Wants=network-online.target

[Timer]
OnCalendar=*-*-* 03:00:00
Persistent=true

[Install]
WantedBy=timers.target

Maintenance

Service

sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/main-m.service'
[Service]
User=nginx
Group=nginx
Type=oneshot
ExecStart='/usr/bin/git' -C '/var/www/main' gc --aggressive --prune='all'
ExecStart='/usr/bin/git' -C '/var/www/main' fsck --full --strict
ExecStartPost='/usr/bin/sync'

Timer

  • 01 day of every month at 03:20:00
sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/main-m.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'main-m.timer' --now
[Unit]
Description=Joomla! Maintenance
After=network-online.target
Wants=network-online.target

[Timer]
OnCalendar=*-*-01 03:20:00
Persistent=true

[Install]
WantedBy=timers.target

Backup

Files

Service

mkdir -p ~/'backups' && sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/main-fb.service' && sudo sed -i 's/CHANGEME/'$USER'/g' '/etc/systemd/system/main-fb.service'
[Service]
Type=oneshot
WorkingDirectory=/var/www
ExecStart='/usr/bin/bash' -c '"/usr/bin/tar" -cvzf "/home/CHANGEME/backups/joomla-files-auto-"$$(date +%%Y-%%m-%%d)".tar.gz" "main"'
ExecStartPost='/usr/bin/sync'

Timer

  • 01 day of every month at 03:50:00
sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/main-fb.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'main-fb.timer' --now && sudo systemctl start 'main-fb' && sudo systemctl status 'main-fb' -l
[Unit]
Description=Joomla! Files Backup

[Timer]
OnCalendar=*-*-01 03:50:00
Persistent=true

[Install]
WantedBy=timers.target

Database

Database Auth

sudo -u 'mysql' -e '/var/lib/mysql/auth/joomla' && sudo chmod '600' '/var/lib/mysql/auth/joomla'
[mysqldump]
user=joomla
password=x

Service

mkdir -p ~/'backups' && sudo -u 'mysql' mkdir -p '/var/lib/mysql/tmp' && sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/main-db.service' && sudo sed -i 's/'CHANGEME'/'$USER'/g' '/etc/systemd/system/main-db.service'
[Service]
Type=oneshot
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/mysql/tmp
ExecStartPre='/usr/bin/mysqldump' --defaults-extra-file='/var/lib/mysql/auth/joomla' --single-transaction 'joomla' -r '/var/lib/mysql/tmp/joomla.sql'
ExecStart='/usr/bin/gzip' -f '/var/lib/mysql/tmp/joomla.sql'
ExecStart='/usr/bin/bash' -c '"/usr/bin/mv" "/var/lib/mysql/tmp/joomla.sql.gz" "/home/CHANGEME/backups/joomla-database-auto-"$$(date +%%Y-%%m-%%d)".sql.gz"'
ExecStartPost='/usr/bin/sync'

Timer

  • Every day at 03:15:00
sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/main-db.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'main-db.timer' --now && sudo systemctl start 'main-db' && sudo systemctl status 'main-db' -l
[Unit]
Description=Joomla! Database Backup
After=mariadb.service

[Timer]
OnCalendar=*-*-* 03:15:00
Persistent=true

[Install]
WantedBy=timers.target

Backup

  • Create backup archive on server and transfer to client computer

Server

Stop Services

sudo systemctl stop nginx php-fpm

Backup Folder

cd '/var/www' && sudo tar -cvzf ~/'joomla-files-manual-'$(date +%Y-%m-%d)'.tar.gz' 'main' && cd ~ && sync

Backup Database

sudo -u 'mysql' mysqldump --defaults-extra-file='/var/lib/mysql/auth/joomla' --single-transaction 'joomla' -r ~/'joomla-database-manual-'$(date +%Y-%m-%d)'.sql' && sync

Start Services

sudo systemctl start nginx php-fpm

Client

Transfer Files To Client

scp espionage724@192.168.1.153:~/'joomla-files-'*'.tar.gz' espionage724@192.168.1.153:~/'joomla-database-'*'.sql' ~/'Downloads' && sync

Restore

Client

Uncompress Database

  • This is only needed if restoring an automated database backup 8)
gunzip ~/'Downloads/joomla-database-'*'.sql.gz'

Transfer Files To Server

scp ~/'Downloads/joomla-files-'*'.tar.gz' ~/'Downloads/joomla-database-'*'.sql' espionage724@192.168.1.153:~

Remove Files

rm -f ~/'Downloads/joomla-files-'*'.tar.gz' ~/'Downloads/joomla-database-'*'.sql' && sync

Server

Stop Services

sudo systemctl stop nginx php-fpm

Restore Joomla! Folder

cd '/var/www' && sudo tar -xvzf ~/'joomla-files-'*'.tar.gz' 'main' && sudo chown -R 'nginx':'nginx' '/var/www/main' && cd ~ && sync

SELinux

sudo semanage fcontext --deleteall "/var/www/main(/.*)?"
sudo semanage fcontext --add --type 'httpd_sys_rw_content_t' "/var/www/main(/.*)?"
sudo restorecon -R -v '/var/www/main' && sync

Drop Previous Database

mysql --user='root' --password
DROP DATABASE joomla;
FLUSH TABLES;

Re-create Databases

mysql --user='root' --password
CREATE DATABASE joomla;

Restore Database

mysql --user='root' --password 'joomla' < ~/'joomla-database-'*'.sql' && sync

Reapply Permissions

mysql --user='root' --password
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON joomla.* to 'joomla'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'x';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Start Services

sudo systemctl start nginx php-fpm

Remove Backups

  • Verify that Joomla! works before running
rm ~/'joomla-files-'*'.tar.gz' ~/'joomla-database-'*'.sql' && sync
4)
youtub and faceboo work
5)
only the template is needed
6)
if shown, it causes a 3rd-party asset to be loaded; why they didn't just include it in the theme files is beyond me
7)
it doesn't play nicely with the footer position fix TODO: Verify this since the footer fix has been changed
8)
manual doesn't gzip
servers/nginx/joomla.txt · Last modified: 2019/06/28 21:46 by Sean Rhone