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servers:nginx:piwigo

Information

Prerequisites

Dependencies

sudo apt install exiftool ffmpeg libjpeg-turbo-progs poppler-utils

Download Source

sudo git clone --branch 'master' --depth '1' --recurse-submodules 'https://github.com/Piwigo/Piwigo.git' '/var/www/media' && sudo chown -R 'www-data':'www-data' '/var/www/media' && sync

Database

sudo mysql
CREATE DATABASE piwigo;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON piwigo.* to 'piwigo'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'x';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

nginx + PHP-FPM Configuration

PHP-FPM Socket

sudo -e '/etc/php/7.2/fpm/pool.d/media.conf' && sudo systemctl restart 'php7.2-fpm'
[media]
user = www-data
group = www-data

listen = /run/php/media.sock
listen.owner = www-data
listen.group = www-data
listen.allowed_clients = 127.0.0.1

pm = dynamic
pm.max_children = 5
pm.start_servers = 2
pm.min_spare_servers = 1
pm.max_spare_servers = 3

php_value[upload_max_filesize] = "20M"
php_value[date.timezone] = "America/New_York"
php_value[upload_tmp_dir] = "/tmp"

php_value[max_execution_time] = "200"
php_value[post_max_size] = "100M"
php_value[memory_limit] = "256M"

FastCGI

sudo -e '/etc/nginx/snippets/media.conf'
location ~ \.php$ {
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
    try_files $fastcgi_script_name =404;
    set $path_info $fastcgi_path_info;
    fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $path_info;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    include /etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf;
    fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/media.sock;
}

Server Block

sudo -e '/etc/nginx/sites-available/media.conf'
server {
    listen '443' 'ssl' 'http2';
    server_name 'media.realmofespionage.xyz';
    root '/var/www/media';
    index 'index.php';

    include '/etc/nginx/snippets/media.conf';
    include '/etc/nginx/snippets/restrictions.conf';
    include '/etc/nginx/snippets/headers.conf';

    add_header Content-Security-Policy "default-src 'self'; script-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline'; style-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline'" always;

    #access_log /var/log/nginx/media-access.log;
    #error_log /var/log/nginx/media-error.log;

    location / {
        index index.php;
        try_files $uri $uri/ @rewrite;
    }

}

Enable Server Block

sudo rm -f '/etc/nginx/sites-enabled/media.conf' && sudo ln -s '/etc/nginx/sites-available/media.conf' '/etc/nginx/sites-enabled' && sudo systemctl reload 'nginx'

Initial Setup

Settings

  • TODO

Services

Updater

Service

sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/media-up.service'
[Service]
User=www-data
Group=www-data
Type=oneshot
WorkingDirectory=/var/www/media
ExecStart='/usr/bin/git' -C '/var/www/media' pull origin 'master'
ExecStartPost='/bin/sync'

Timer

  • Every day at 05:00:00
sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/media-up.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'media-up.timer' --now && sudo systemctl start 'media-up' && sudo systemctl status 'media-up' -l
[Unit]
Description=Piwigo Git Updater
After=network-online.target
Wants=network-online.target

[Timer]
OnCalendar=*-*-* 05:00:00
Persistent=true

[Install]
WantedBy=timers.target

Maintenance

Service

sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/media-m.service'
[Service]
User=www-data
Group=www-data
Type=oneshot
ExecStart='/usr/bin/git' -C '/var/www/media' gc --aggressive --prune='all'
ExecStart='/usr/bin/git' -C '/var/www/media' fsck --full --strict
ExecStartPost='/bin/sync'

Timer

  • 01 day of every month at 05:20:00
sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/media-m.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'media-m.timer' --now
[Unit]
Description=Piwigo Maintenance
After=network-online.target
Wants=network-online.target

[Timer]
OnCalendar=*-*-01 05:20:00
Persistent=true

[Install]
WantedBy=timers.target

Backup

  • This backs up an archive to the local disk and to a NAS

Files

Service

mkdir -p ~/'backups' && sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/media-fb.service' && sudo sed -i 's/CHANGEME/'$USER'/g' '/etc/systemd/system/media-fb.service'
[Service]
Type=oneshot
WorkingDirectory=/var/www
ExecStart='/bin/bash' -c '"/bin/tar" -cvzf "/home/CHANGEME/backups/piwigo-files-auto-"$$(date +%%Y-%%m-%%d)".tar.gz" "media"'
ExecStartPost='/bin/sync'

Timer

  • 01 day of every month at 05:50:00
sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/media-fb.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'media-fb.timer' --now && sudo systemctl start 'media-fb' && sudo systemctl status 'media-fb' -l
[Unit]
Description=Piwigo Files Backup

[Timer]
OnCalendar=*-*-01 05:50:00
Persistent=true

[Install]
WantedBy=timers.target

Database

Database Auth

sudo -e '/var/lib/mysqlauth/piwigo' && sudo chmod '600' '/var/lib/mysqlauth/piwigo'
[mysqldump]
user=piwigo
password=x

Service

mkdir -p ~/'backups' && sudo mkdir -p '/var/lib/mysqltmp' && sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/media-db.service' && sudo sed -i 's/'CHANGEME'/'$USER'/g' '/etc/systemd/system/media-db.service'
[Service]
Type=oneshot
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/mysqltmp
ExecStartPre='/usr/bin/mysqldump' --defaults-extra-file='/var/lib/mysqlauth/piwigo' --single-transaction 'piwigo' -r '/var/lib/mysqltmp/piwigo.sql'
ExecStart='/bin/gzip' -f '/var/lib/mysqltmp/piwigo.sql'
ExecStart='/bin/bash' -c '"/bin/mv" "/var/lib/mysqltmp/piwigo.sql.gz" "/home/CHANGEME/backups/piwigo-database-auto-"$$(date +%%Y-%%m-%%d)".sql.gz"'
ExecStartPost='/bin/sync'

Timer

  • Every day at 05:15:00
sudo -e '/etc/systemd/system/media-db.timer' && sudo systemctl daemon-reload && sudo systemctl enable 'media-db.timer' --now && sudo systemctl start 'media-db' && sudo systemctl status 'media-db' -l
[Unit]
Description=Piwigo Database Backup
After=mariadb.service

[Timer]
OnCalendar=*-*-* 05:15:00
Persistent=true

[Install]
WantedBy=timers.target

Backup

  • Create backup archive on server and transfer to client computer

Server

Stop Services

sudo systemctl stop nginx php7.2-fpm

Backup Folder

cd '/var/www' && sudo tar -cvzf ~/'piwigo-files-manual-'$(date +%Y-%m-%d)'.tar.gz' 'media' && cd ~ && sync

Backup Database

sudo mysqldump --defaults-extra-file='/var/lib/mysqlauth/piwigo' --single-transaction 'piwigo' -r ~/'piwigo-database-manual-'$(date +%Y-%m-%d)'.sql' && sync

Start Services

sudo systemctl start nginx php7.2-fpm

Client

Transfer Files To Client

scp espionage724@192.168.1.153:~/'piwigo-files-'*'.tar.gz' espionage724@192.168.1.153:~/'piwigo-database-'*'.sql' ~/'Downloads' && sync

Restore

Client

Uncompress Database

  • This is only needed if restoring an automated database backup 3)
gunzip ~/'Downloads/piwigo-database-'*'.sql.gz'

Transfer Files To Server

scp ~/'Downloads/piwigo-files-'*'.tar.gz' ~/'Downloads/piwigo-database-'*'.sql' espionage724@192.168.1.153:~

Remove Files

rm -f ~/'Downloads/piwigo-files-'*'.tar.gz' ~/'Downloads/piwigo-database-'*'.sql' && sync

Server

Stop Services

sudo systemctl stop nginx php7.2-fpm

Remove Previous Folder

sudo rm -Rf '/var/www/media'

Restore Piwigo Folder

cd '/var/www' && sudo tar -xvzf ~/'piwigo-files-'*'.tar.gz' 'media' && sudo chown -R 'www-data':'www-data' '/var/www/media' && cd ~ && sync

Drop Previous Database

sudo mysql
DROP DATABASE piwigo;
FLUSH TABLES;

Re-create Databases

sudo mysql
CREATE DATABASE piwigo;

Restore Database

sudo mysql 'piwigo' < ~/'piwigo-database-'*'.sql' && sync

Reapply Permissions

sudo mysql
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON piwigo.* to 'piwigo'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'x';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Start Services

sudo systemctl start nginx php7.2-fpm

Remove Backups

  • Verify that Piwigo works before running
rm ~/'piwigo-files-'*'.tar.gz' ~/'piwigo-database-'*'.sql' && sync
servers/nginx/piwigo.txt · Last modified: 2018/12/08 18:31 by Sean Rhone